Ant Species Western Australia
Whatever the season is Ants can become a nuisance throughout the year. There are many different kinds of ants in Australia. The following are the names and small descriptions of Ant Species Western Australia. After reading this you’ll be able to know what type of ants are your uninvited guest.
These kinds of ants get their name acrobat ant from their ability to acrobatically raise their abdomen over their head and thorax. Acrobat ants are normally ⅛th inch, these ants are normally found in dark brown to yellowish-brown in color with a heart-shaped abdomen which is usually darker in color as compared to the rest of the body. These ants can be best identified when they carry their abdomens in the air especially when they are disturbed.
Allegheny Mound Ant
These kinds of ants are called Formica Exsectoides in Latin. These ants have a reddish thorax and head, whereas their legs are black to brown. Their size varies from 3.2 to 6.3 mm. Allegheny ants need warmth to survive, these ants feed on other insects and have no interest in human food. These ants nest in fields and wooded areas. These ants can also survive in the playground in rural and suburban areas.
These ants are called Linepithema Humile in Latin. These ants are approx 2.2 to 2.8mm long, their antennae have 12 segments. Argentine ants vary from light to brown. Argentine ants kill other insects and invade human dwellings, each colony of Argentine ants can contain millions of insects and multiple queens. These ants feed by transferring their food from mouth to mouth. Even though Argentine ants are omnivorous i.e. meaning they can feed on almost everything, but always prefer sweet foods. Almost all Argentine ants are the same in size and they travel with well-defined trails.
As the name suggests these are native from Argentine and surrounding countries of South-America. They have now spread to other continents including Australia. There is a very positive behavior of these ants which help to colonize more and expand their population. Unlike other species of ants, these ants don’t compete with each other. Individuals from one nest can mingle with another nest without being attacked. They can form super-colonies and thus becomes the reason for a large infestation.
These ants are called Pheidole spp, in Latin. Their skin color ranges from yellow to dark reddish-brown. Big-headed ants are generally found nesting in soil that has been disturbed and is normally located on ground surfaces. These pests seek out seeds, grease, and high protein items. Big-headed ants can cause minor damage to lawns, and exposed fruits or vegetables. Big-headed ants are omnivores and will feed on insects. To help prevent big-headed ants from entering, remove your near potential nesting places near your homes.
These kinds of ants are called Formica spp in Latin. Their size range varies from 4 to 8 mm. These types of ants are normally red, black, or yellow in color or a combination of red and black. Field ants rest in large colonies, these ants are best described as scavengers and feed on other insects and nectar from the flowers. Feild ants usually make their nest in lawns, gardens, or even near trees. These ants are sometimes mistaken for carpenter ants because these ants are relatively larger compared to other ants. Field ants do not normally sting but they can bite if they are disturbed.
These ants are called Tapinoma Melanocephalum in the Latin language. Ghost ants have dark thorax and heads, these ants are about approx 1.3 to 1.5mm long in size. Ghost ants are sort of related to odorous ants because just like odors ants ghost ants give a coconut-like odor once when they are crushed. Ghosts ants are extremely tiny and small and can easily get into homes through open windows and doors. Ghosts ants have a wide range of varieties of nesting sites, which is one of the major reasons identifying and finding ghost ants can be a complex and hard task to do because they are nesting in such different and odd places one can never suspect. Ghost ants do not usually bite or sting but they can be a mess to deal with because one way or another these tiny annoying little creatures will create a serious nuisance and will result in property damage issues. These ants normally eat honeydew that they collect from plant-feeding insects.
These ants are called Pogonomyrmex spp, in Latin. Harvester ants are normally in red color that can be approx 6.5 to 10 mm long. Their galleries have to be over more than 600cm deep. Harvester ants are really large and big as compared to other different species of ants. These ants are always mostly present outside in backyards. These ants can sting even though their sting isn’t that harmful compared to a sting of a fire ant but it can cause a different allergic reaction with sensitive skins. There are mainly three different types of species of harvester ants which are red, western harvester ants, and last but not least California Harvester Ants.
Little Black Ants
The scientific name for the Little Black ants is Monomorium minimum. These ants are so small and tiny in size as 1.5mm in length, these ants are either jet black or dark brownish, their antenna consists of 12 segments. These tiny little creatures are unique to describe because they do not have any spines and their thorax is unevenly rounded. Little black ants normally nest in woodwork, but they can come inside the house sometimes too. Even though these little tiny ants have a sting it’s not usually effective because it is too small to be taken as a serious threat. These little black ants are normally present in large numbers in urban and industrial surroundings. These tiny little creatures are omnivores and will eat corn meals, sweets, vegetables, honeydew, etc. Even though these ants prefer to nest outdoors they can still also build their nest in cracks, in walls or cement, etc.
Odorous House Ants
These ants are called Tapinoma sessile in Latin. Odorous ants are tiny and small in size i.e. 2.4 to 3.3 mm in length. These ants are either black or dark brown, their shape is unique and undefined with an unevenly shaped thorax. The most main major digestible characteristic of odorous house ants is the smell of a rotten coconut coming from their bodies once they are crushed. These ants can bite but they do not cause much pain unless they bite a really special sensitive skin. Odorous ants are the most common species of ants that are found inside the home. These ants can nest in wall crevices, near heaters, water pipes, or under carpets. Odorous ants just forage to eat day and night hence they can be found in the kitchen most of the time.
These ants are called Tetramorium Caespitum in Latin. Pavement ants are either black to light brown with appendages slightly different than the rest of the body. These ants are approx 2.5 to 3mm in length, with different parallel lines on their thorax and head, these ants have 12 segmented antennae. The name of these ants comes from their habits ie they usually nest under sidewalks or driveways and piling dirt from the nest on the top of the pavement. Pavement ants like to feed on leftover pet food wherever they can find either inside or outside the home. These ants don’t usually bite but they may sting if provoked. These ants will feed on a wide range of food varieties meat, grease, live or dead insects, seeds, etc.
These ants are called Solenopsis Molesta in the Latin language. These ants are small and tiny in size, they are approx 1.5 to 2.2 mm in length, they are found in yellowish to brown. Their antennas have 10 segments with a two-segmented club. Thief ants are so tiny and small in size they can easily get into the house through cracks in woodworks, holes in walls, or open doors. Due to the tiny size, these ants can easily get into any packaged food and create a mess. Usually, thief ants love to feed on greasy food such as nuts, meats, cheese or peanut butter, etc. These ants also feed on the immature form of other insects and different ants.
The Latin name of these carpenter ants is called Camponotus spp.These are huge and large ranging from 3.4 to 13mm long, some of these carpenter ant species have reddish, yellowish, orange, or light brown. But the most common type of carpenter ant that is found is black. These ants usually build their nest in decaying woods, homes with wet moisture issues, etc. Carpenter ants live both outdoor and indoor wherever they can spot and find wet, moisture, or hollow wood. They can feed on the different food that us people eat i.e. meat, sweets, but these types of ants will also feed on other insects.
These are called Solenopsis Invicta. Fire ants are normally reddish, and their size varies approximately from 1.6 to 5mm. These types of ants prefer warm, hot, sunny conditions. These kinds of ants would try their best to avoid shady areas such as woods. Fire ants are dangerous to humans especially if they inject their venom through the string. These strings include the venoms which are irritating to human skin and may result in red bumps. Fire ants like all other ants prefer to live in colonies, their colonies may contain 100,000 to 500,000 ants, this is one of the major reasons fire ants are so difficult to control. These ants are omnivorous and will feed on greasy, sweet materials and even meat, they would even prefer feeding on the vegetable source of food.
These ants are also known as bulldog ant or are also called Myrmecia(ant). They are characterized by their extreme strings and aggressiveness. They appear to be approximately 18-20 mm long, these types of ants usually are either in red or black. These ants are known for being very aggressive and dangerous. Bull ants usually nest outdoors where they can find soil i.e. under logs or rocks. This kind of ants feeds on other insects and things like plant nectar etc. These Bull Ants are native to Australia and found mostly in Perth.
Coastal Brown Ants
This is considered as one of the world’s worst invaders. It is a danger to all other native ants of Australia. Its extraordinary large head is its characteristic which easily distinguishes it from other ants species. The bigheaded ants feed on dead insects, small invertebrates, and honeydew excreted by insects such as aphids, soft scale p-[=insects, mealybugs, and whiteflies.
Black House Ants
These ants are commonly found in all areas of Australia. It is a bit smaller than a white-footed ant. They infest any building just like any other pest in the search for food and water. They are mostly attracted to sweet food. They are omnivorous in nature. They can be very aggressive towards other species of ants.
They are blackish-brown to black in color. They are attracted to sweet. They can be found along the branches or tree trunks looking for sap or insects leaving honeydew. Their nests are found more outside the house in the trees or under leaves pile. They can also make there way inside the house through small holes. They follow a specific trail for a long time and hence can be identified.
Green Headed Ants
These are of greenish in color and are bit longer in length than other ants. They feed on other animal materials. They are very adaptable to busy and disturbed areas and can colonize very quickly. It stings very sharp and its venom is painful. It gives the sensation of severe pain for quite a few minutes and sometimes a couple of hours. They build nests underground under the grasses or different vegetation and under the logs around the house.
This ant is of yellowish-brown color and is the most common ant found in your kitchen. These types of ants can be fed themselves on any kind of food. That’s the reason they love to invade shops and grocery stores also. Their colonies contain a large number of queens and that is the reason they can breed a large number throughout the year. Their nests are densely populated and hence give an impression of a large colony. They are also found in hospitals where they are a danger to instruments and causing the spread of infections.
Prevention and Control of Ants
- Maintain floors, walls, etc. free of residues, especially sweets, since they are an important source of attraction for ants.
- Maintaining the tightness of the structure is of utmost importance so that ants from ant nests under the foundations cannot enter (seal cracks, repair tiles in poor condition, etc.).
- It is convenient to surround all the facilities with a cement path in order to facilitate the application of insecticides, as well as to reduce the possibility of shelter and procreation of crawling insects.
Carry out periodic disinsection (once a week) of the exteriors of the Plants or talk to one of our expert pest control technicians to locate the ant’s colonies. This periodicity must be respected, since the rain and the irrigation of gardens wash the products, leaving the buildings unprotected, as well as flooding the ant hills make the ants start polluting other sectors.